Who’s who in the Mongol Empire

There can be an awful lot of names to cope with in the Mongol empire. In case you’re ever confused about who’s who, this guide will help you out.

Borte (c 1161-1230)- Börte was the chief wife of Genghis Khan and first empress of the Mongol Empire. She gave birth to four sons Jochi, Chagatai, Ogodei and Tolui who inherited the lands conquered by the Mongols. (read more)

Chagatai Khan (1183-1242) – Chagatai Khan was the second son of Genghis Khan and Borte and founder of the Chagatai Khanate in central Asia. (read more)

Genghis Khan (1161-1227) – Genghis Khan, born Temujin was the founder and first Great Khan of the Mongol Empire. (read more)

Hoelun – Hoelun was the mother of Genghis Khan and the chief wife of his father Yesügei. (read more)

Jamukha (c 1160-1205) – Jamukha was the childhood companion of Genghis Khan who became his chief rival for power in the unification of the steppe tribes. (read more)

Jebe (d 1225) – Jebe was one of Genghis Khan’s foremost generals and advisors. He was born Zurgudai a member of the Taichud tribe and joined Genghis Khan in 1201. (read more)

Jelme – Jelme was a senior general in the Mongol army. Jelme was the older brother of Subutai and one of the first named followers of Genghis Khan. 

Jochi Khan (1181-1226) – Jochi Khan was the eldest son of Genghis and Borte although for much of his life there were questions about his parentage. (read more)

Ogodei Khan (1186-1241) – Odegei Khan was the third son of Genghis Khan and Borte and second Great Khan of the Mongol empire. He expanded his father’s conquests with invasions of Eastern Europe and Southern China. (read more)

Ong Khan (c 1130-1203) – Also known as Togrhul, Tooril and Wang Khan. Ong Khan was the ruler of the Khereit tribe and an ally and then opponent of Genghis Khan. (read more)

Tolui Khan (1192-1232) – Tolui Khan was the fourth son of Genghis Khan and Borte and father of Mongke and Kublai Khan. (read more)

Yesugei (d 1171) – Yesugei Baghatur, also Yesükhei, was a major chief of the Khamag Mongol confederation and the father of Genghis Khan. (read more)


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